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An appendectomy is surgery to remove the appendix.

The appendix is a small, finger-shaped organ that branches off from the first part of the large intestine. It is removed when it becomes swollen (inflamed) or infected. This condition is called appendicitis.If an appendix bursts ,it can release all the toxic materials into the abdominal cavity and can be a life threatening complication

Appendectomy is done by laparoscopic or open methods

Spinal anesthesia....if open surgery 
General anesthesia....if LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY 

The appendix can be removed using small surgical cuts and a camera. This is called a laparoscopic appendectomy.Usually 3 small cuts are required for the surgery.Now even SILS ( single incision laparoscopic surgery) can be done for appendectomy.

If the appendix broke open or a pocket of infection (abscess) formed, your abdomen will be washed out during surgery. A small tube may be left in the belly area to help drain out fluids or pus.
Why this  Procedure is required ?
In order to alleviate the cause of acute  pain and prevent dreadful complications like APPENDICULAR ABCESS ,APPENDICULAR PERFORATION,SEPTICEMIA,etc .These complications can be life threatening.

An appendectomy is done for appendicitis. The condition can be hard to diagnose, especially in children, older people, and women of childbearing age.

What are the common symptoms ?
Most often, the first symptom is pain around your belly button.

The pain may be mild at first, but it becomes sharp and severe.
The pain often moves into your right lower abdomen and becomes more focused in this area.

Other symptoms include:
Diarrhea or constipation
Fever (usually not very high)
Nausea and vomiting
Reduced appetite

If you have symptoms of appendicitis, seek medical help right away. Do not use heating pads, enemas, laxatives, or other home treatments to try and relieve symptoms.

Blood tests, including a white blood cell count (WBC), may be done to check for infection.
When the diagnosis is not clear, the doctor may order a CT scan or ultrasound to make sure the appendix is the cause of the problem.
There are no actual tests to confirm that you have appendicitis. Other illnesses can cause the same or similar symptoms.

The goal is to remove an infected appendix before it breaks open (ruptures). After reviewing your symptoms and the results of the physical exam and medical tests, your surgeon will decide whether you need surgery.

Even when the surgeon finds that the appendix is not infected, it will be removed to prevent future problems.

Risks of any surgery include:


Other risks of an appendectomy after a ruptured appendix include:

Buildup of pus, which may need draining and antibiotics
Longer hospital stays
Side effects from medications

Recovery ?

Patients tend to recover quickly after a simple appendectomy. Most patients leave the hospital in 1 to 2 days after surgery. You can go back to your normal activities within 2 to 4 weeks after leaving the hospital.

Patients who have the appendix removed through small surgical cuts tend to recover and get back to their daily activities faster.

Recovery is slower and more complicated if the appendix has broken open or an abscess has formed.

Living without an appendix causes no health problems as it has no practical function in the body (probably apart from being the bread and butter of surgeons world wide )
  • 2016-11-26T10:20:09
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