Laparoscopic Gallbladder Surgery
Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery (cholecystectomy) removes the gallbladder and gallstones through several small cuts (incisions) in the abdomen. The surgeon inflates your abdomen with carbon dioxide in order to create some working space
The surgeon inserts a lighted scope attached to a video camera (laparoscope) into one incision near the belly button. The surgeon then uses a video monitor as a guide while inserting surgical instruments into the other incisions to remove your gallbladder.
This surgery is usually done with either 3 or 4 ports/small 0.5--1cm cuts.
If the gall bladder is not that much inflamed ,it can also be done BY A SINGLE INCISION AT THE UMBLICUS......thereby giving an excellent cosmetic outcome
General anesthesia is given for this surgery, which usually lasts 2 hours or less.
After surgery, bile flows from the liver (where it is made) through the common bile duct and into the small intestine. In most people, this has no effect on digestion.
In 3to 5 out of 100 laparoscopic gallbladder surgeries ,the surgeon needs to switch to an open surgical method that requires a larger incision.1 Examples of problems that can require open rather than laparoscopic surgery include unexpected inflammation, scar tissue, injury, and bleeding.
You may have gallbladder surgery as an outpatient, or you may stay 1 or 2 days in the hospital.
Most people can return to their normal activities in 7 to 10 days. People who have laparoscopic gallbladder surgery are sore for about a week. No special diets or other precautions are needed after surgery.
Why It Is Done ?
Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery is the best method of treating gallstones .we can avoid the complications of this disese in the form of .....BILE DUCT STONE MIGRATION,PUS IN THE GALL BLADDER ,MUCOCELE OF GALL BLADDER,MULTIPLE ATTACKS OF ACUTE ABDOMINAL PAIN,BAD INFLAMMATION LEADING TO REQUIREMENT OF OPEN SURGERY,etc
How Well It Works ?
Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery is safe and effective. Surgery gets rid of gallstones located in the gallbladder. We can now remove bile duct impacted stones also by laparoscopy
The overall risk of laparoscopic gallbladder surgery is very low. The most serious possible complications include:
Infection of an incision.
Injury to the common bile duct.
Injury to the small intestine by one of the instruments used during surgery.
Risks of general anesthesia.
What To expect about recovery ?
Recovery is much faster and less painful after laparoscopic surgery than after open surgery.
The hospital stay after laparoscopic surgery is shorter than after open surgery. People generally go home the same day or the next day, compared with 2 to 4 days or longer for open surgery.
You will spend less time away from work and other activities after laparoscopic surgery (about 7 to 10 days compared with 4 to 6 weeks).